Anästhesisten sind speziell ausgebildete Fachärzte, die Patienten vor, während und nach einer Operation begleiten und Anästhetika verabreichen (Medikamente, die zu einem Gefühlsverlust führen). Dadurch ist gewährleistet, dass ein Patient keine Schmerzen verspürt.
Als Blutkreislauf bezeichnet man das Strömungssystem, über das das Blut im Körper zirkuliert – angetrieben von der Pumpfunktion des Herzens.
Chemosaturations-Therapie ist ein sicheres und bewährtes Verfahren bei Leberkrebs. Dabei werden hohe Dosen von leistungsstarken Antikrebs-Medikamenten direkt in der Leber freigesetzt und der Rest des Körpers vor Nebenwirkungen, die oftmals mit Krebstherapien einhergehen, geschützt.
Eine Chemotherapie (auch als Chemo bezeichnet) ist eine Art der Krebstherapie, die Medikamente verwendet, um Krebszellen zu zerstören. Da die Medikamente im Blut zirkulieren, können damit Krebszellen im ganzen Körper behandelt werden. Es existieren zahlreiche Chemotherapiemedikamente, die einzeln oder in Kombination verabreicht werden können.
Ein Facharzt, der Krankheiten operativ behandelt.
Die vollständige oder teilweise Unterdrückung des Gallenflüssigkeit-Flusses.
Gallenflüssigkeit ist eine grünlich-gelbe Flüssigkeit, die zur Verdauung von Fetten sowie zum Abtransport von verbrauchten roten Blutkörperchen und bestimmten Giften aus dem Körper notwendig ist. Gallenflüssigkeit wird in der Leber produziert und in der Gallenblase gespeichert.
Ein Gastroenterologe ist ein Arzt, der auf die Behandlung von Erkrankungen des Verdauungssystems, einschließlich der Leber, spezialisiert ist.
Hepatisch bezieht sich auf alles, was mit der Leber zu tun hat.
INTERVENTIONELLER RADIOLOGE (IR):
Ein Facharzt, der sich auf minimal-invasive Behandlungen spezialisiert hat, zu deren Durchführung bildgebende Verfahren (wie z.B. Röntgen, Ultraschall, MRT) benötigt werden.
Der Kardiotechniker ist Bestandteil des OP-Teams und arbeitet eng mit Chirurgen und anderem medizinischen Personal zusammen. Er ist verantwortlich für die Auswahl und Steuerung der Systeme, die für chirurgische Verfahren (wie z. B. Chemosaturations-Therapie) notwendig sind.
Katheter sind kleine Kunststoff-Röhrchen, die in den Körper eingeführt werden können, um Krankheiten zu behandeln oder einen chirurgischen Eingriff durchzuführen.
Die Leber ist das zweitgrößte Organ im Körper. Sie ist ca. 20 cm lang und wiegt ca. 1,5 kg. Die Leber hilft, das Blut zu reinigen und Nahrung zu verdauen. Sie ist ein für die Gesundheit unverzichtbares Organ.
Versorgt die Leber mit Blut.
Die Lymphgefäße sind Strukturen des Lymphsystems, das Flüssigkeit aus Gewebe abtransportiert. Lymphgefäße ähneln Blutgefäßen, jedoch transportieren sie kein Blut. Die von den Lymphgefäßen transportierte Flüssigkeit wird als Lymphflüssigkeit bezeichnet. Sie ist eine klare Flüssigkeit, die aus dem Blutplasma entsteht.
Krebs, der an anderer Stelle im Körper beginnt und sich auf die Leber ausbreitet (Beispiel: Melanome, Kolorektal- und Brustkrebs).
Krebs, der in der Leber beginnt (Beispiel: hepatozelluläres Karzinom und Gallengangskarzinom)
Ein Facharzt, der Krebserkrankungen mit Hilfe der Strahlentherapie behandelt.
Mit „regional“ wird die Konzentration auf ein einziges Organ bezeichnet, z. B. die Leber, ohne Auswirkung auf andere Organe.
Die Strahlen- oder Radiotherapie wird als Bestandteil der Krebstherapie zur Kontrolle oder zum Abtöten bösartiger Zellen eingesetzt. Sie verwendet eine hochenergetische Strahlung, um Tumoren zu schrumpfen und Krebszellen abzutöten. Die Strahlentherapie kann bei einigen Krebsarten zur Heilung führen, sofern sich diese auf einen Bereich des Körpers konzentrieren.
Systemisch bedeutet, dass der gesamte Körper oder zumindest mehrere Organsysteme betroffen sind. Dies steht im Gegensatz zu örtlich begrenzt oder lokal. Eine systemische Verabreichung von Medikamenten bezeichnet einen Verabreichungsweg, bei dem der gesamte Körper betroffen ist.
Dies ist eine minimal-invasive Operationsmethode zur Behandlung von soliden Tumoren. Es werden spezielle Sonden verwendet, um Krebs ohne eine reguläre Operation „zu verbrennen” oder „einzufrieren”.
Die Tumorembolisation ist ein Verfahren, bei dem die Blutversorgung von Krebszellen unterbunden wird, um deren Reduzierung oder den vollständigen Zelltod herbeizuführen. Bei der Embolisation werden Substanzen injiziert, um den Blutfluss zu Krebszellen in der Leber zu blockieren oder zu reduzieren.
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This statement was last reviewed September 2021.
Last Updated: September, 2021
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Please refer to our Privacy Policies for more details about how we may collect and use your personal information in or in connection with the Websites. Delcath’s use of your personal information is governed by our Privacy Policies, which is incorporated herein by reference. You agree that by your use of the Websites you consent to the collection and use of your personal information (as set forth in our Privacy Policies).
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The Emotional Effects of Cancer. Available at http://www.cancer.ie/sites/default/files/content-attachments/emotional_effects_2014.pdf. [Accessed September 2015]
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Liver Cancer Connect. Available at http://livercancerconnect.org/questions-to-ask-questions. [Accessed September 2015]